A jussive is a third person verb. It expresses volition such as command (“let there be light”), benediction (“may he bless you”), or wish (“may the king live”). It’s form is nearly identical to the Imperfect. How can we distinguish an Imperfect (usually future) verb from a Jussive?
(1) The accent on a Jussive verb shifts one syllable toward the beginning of the word.
(2) The Jussive is at the beginning of its clause whereas an Imperfect does not come first in a clause (except a vac-conversive Imperfect).
(3) III-ה verbs with a II-י such as יהיה cut off the ה in the Jussive form, as in יהי.
(4) II-ו and II-י verbs are often spelled defectively in the Jussive form (they lose the vav or yod).
Translation helps for the second part of the course (Ruth 3-4) will only include information on less common words, tricky forms, and many of the verbs unless they are easy. For a refresher on special vocabulary useful to memorize for Ruth, see “Special Vocabulary in Ruth.”
Question for class discussion: Why the unusual order after the opening verb, in which a pronoun referring to Ruth comes prior to the mention of Naomi, the speaker?
The ה in הֲלֹא is the interrogative. See Holladay, 75. Continue reading
The outline is from the JPS Commentary. The number of verses to be translated for each class is not even. On “heavy” weeks we will discuss meaning of the book a bit less and on “light” weeks we will spend more time on interpretation and discussion of relevance to theology and practice.
July 22 . . . Ruth 3:1-5 Naomi’s Daring Plan for Desperate Times
July 29 . . . Ruth 3:6-15 Ruth and Boaz on the Threshing Floor
August 5 . . . Ruth 3:16-18 Homecoming with Good News and Grain
August 12 . . . Ruth 4:1-12 Negotiations at the Gate: Redeeming Ruth
August 19 . . . Ruth 4:13-17 Betrothal, Birth, and More Blessings
August 26 . . . Ruth 4:18-22 Epilogue: Reweaving the Web of Life — The Concluding Genealogy